Humphrey Bogart

Biography

Date of Birth: 25 December 1899, New York City, New York, USA Date of Death: 14 January 1957, Los Angeles, California, USA (throat cancer) Birth Name: Humphrey DeForest Bogart Height: 5' 8" (1.73 m) Humphrey DeForest Bogart (December 25, 1899– January 14, 1957) was an Academy Award-winning American actor. In 1999, the American Film Institute named Bogart the Greatest Male Star of All Time. Playing primarily smart, playful and reckless characters anchored by an inner moral code while surrounded by a corrupt world, Bogart's most notable films include The Maltese Falcon (1941), Casablanca (1942), To Have and Have Not (1944), Key Largo (1948), The African Queen (1951) (for which he won an Academy Award for Best Actor), The Caine Mutiny (1954), We're No Angels (1955) and The Left Hand of God (1955). Altogether, he appeared in 75 feature motion pictures. Though he started his career as Broadway stage player and B-movie actor during the 1920s and 1930s, Bogart's later accomplishments have made him a worldwide icon. French actors, such as Jean-Paul Belmondo, were deeply influenced by his work and image. India’s great national movie star, Ashok Kumar, listed Bogart as a major influence on his "natural" acting style. In the United States, Bogart is remembered in one of Woody Allen’s comic movies, Play It Again, Sam, which relates the story of a young man obsessed by his persona. In 1997, the United States Postal Service featured Bogart in its "Legends of Hollywood" series, and Entertainment Weekly magazine has named Bogart the number one movie legend of all time. Birth and early life Humphrey Bogart's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.He was born Humphrey DeForest Bogart in New York City, the oldest child of Belmont DeForest Bogart and Maud Humphrey; he had English and Dutch ancestry. His father was a Presbyterian, while his mother was an Episcopalian; Bogart was raised in his mother's Episcopal church. He is one of the descendants of King Edward III of England. Bogart's birthday has been a subject of controversy. It was long believed that his birthday on Christmas Day, 1899, was a Warner Bros. fiction created to romanticize his background, and that he was really born on January 23, 1899, a date that appears in many references. However, this story is now considered baseless: although no birth certificate has ever been found, his birth notice did appear in a Boston newspaper in early January 1900, which supports the December 1899 date. In addition, the 1900 census for the household of Belmont Bogart lists his son Humphrey as having a birth date in December of 1899. There are also three different censuses attesting to his birth date in December, 1899. In addition, his last wife, actress Lauren Bacall, always maintained that December 25 was his true birth date. Childhood Bogart's father, Belmont, was a successful surgeon. His mother, Maud Humphrey, was a very successful commercial illustrator. Indeed, she used a drawing of baby Humphrey in a well-known ad campaign for Mellins Baby Food. In her prime, she made over $50,000 a year as an illustrator, then a vast sum. The Bogarts lived in a fashionable Upper West Side apartment, and had a cottage in upstate New York. From his father, Bogart inherited a tendency for needling people, a fondness for fishing and a life-long love of sailing. Humphrey was the oldest of three children. When Lauren Bacall introduced him to her large family, he said, "Christ, you've got more goddamn relatives than I've ever seen." As a boy, Bogart was teased for his curls, his tidiness, the "cute" pictures his mother had him pose for, the Little Lord Fauntleroy clothes she dressed him in—and the name "Humphrey." The Bogarts sent to christian master school academy in which he learned to be a perfromer, and then to the prestigious preparatory school Phillips Academy, in Andover, Massachusetts. They hoped he would go on to Yale, but in 1918, Bogart was expelled from Phillips Academy. The details of his expulsion are disputed: one story claims that he was expelled for throwing the headmaster (alternatively, a groundskeeper) into Rabbit Pond, a man-made lake on campus. Another cites smoking and drinking, combined with poor academic performance and possibly some intemperate comments to the staff. It has also been said that he was actually withdrawn from the school by his father for failing to improve his academics, as opposed to expulsion. Navy In spring 1918, Bogart enlisted in the U.S. Navy. It was during his naval stint that he got his trademark scar and developed his characteristic lisp, though the actual circumstances are hazy at best. One account is that his lip was cut by a piece of shrapnel during a shelling of his ship, the USS Leviathan, although some claim that Bogart didn’t make it to sea until after the Armistice was signed. Another version, which Bogart's long time friend, author Nathaniel Benchley, claims is the truth, is that Bogart was injured while on assignment to take a naval prisoner to Portsmouth Naval Prison in New Hampshire. Supposedly, while changing trains in Boston, the handcuffed prisoner asked Bogart for a cigarette and while Bogart looked for a match, the prisoner raised his hands, smashed Bogart across the mouth with his cuffs, cutting Bogart's lip, and fled. The prisoner was eventually taken to Portsmouth. An alternate explanation is that while in the process of uncuffing an inmate, Bogart was struck in the mouth when the inmate wielded one open, uncuffed bracelet while the other side was still on his wrist. This incident reportedly resulted in his trademark snarl and unique speaking voice. Nevertheless, by the time Bogart was treated by a doctor, the scar had already formed. "Goddamn doctor," Bogart later told David Niven, "instead of stitching it up, he screwed it up." In fact, Niven says that when he asked Bogart about his scar he said it was caused by a childhood accident, which seems to contradict the above stories; Niven claims the stories that Bogie got the scar during wartime were made up by the studios to inject glamour. Early career in the theatre Bogart took odd jobs, joined the Naval Reserve, and eventually drifted into acting. He liked the late hours that actors kept, and enjoyed the attention that an actor got on stage. Most of all, he enjoyed the challenge of putting on a difficult scene, making the audience believe it. He dug deeply into the characters he portrayed, and found them a welcome escape from his own self. Bogart began his acting career on the Brooklyn stage in 1921, playing a Japanese butler. He never took acting lessons, and had no formal training. Critic Alexander Woollcott wrote of Bogart's early work that he "is what is usually and mercifully described as inadequate." Bogart loathed the trivial parts he had to play early in his career, calling them "White Pants Willie" roles. Bogart appeared in at least 17 Broadway productions between 1922 and 1935. He played juveniles or romantic second-leads in drawing room comedies. He is said to have been the first actor to ask "Tennis, anyone?" on stage. Early in his career, Bogart met Helen Menken. They married in 1926, divorced in 1927, and remained friends. In 1928, he married Mary Philips. Philips, like Menken, had a fiery temper, and once bit the finger off a police officer who tried to arrest her for drunkenness. Spencer Tracy was a serious Broadway actor whom Bogart liked and admired, and they became good friends. It was Tracy, in 1930, who first called him "Bogie". (Spelled variously in many sources, Bogart himself spelled his nickname "Bogie.") Early film career Robert E. Sherwood remained a close friend of Bogart's. In 1936, the film version of The Petrified Forest came out. Bogart got excellent reviews, but he was then typecast as a gangster in a series of crime dramas for Warner Bros. All told, Bogart went to the electric chair 12 times, and was sentenced to over 800 years of hard labor. Jack Warner saw nothing wrong with that; as long as the movies made money, and the actors got paid, he saw no reason for anyone to complain. Mary Philips refused to give up her Broadway career to come to Hollywood with Bogart, and soon they were divorced. On August 21, 1938, Bogart entered into a disastrous third marriage, with Mayo Methot, a lively, friendly woman when sober, but a paranoid when drunk. She was convinced that her husband was cheating on her. The more she and Bogart drifted apart, the more she drank, got furious and threw things at him: plants, crockery, anything close at hand. Bogart sometimes returned fire, and the press dubbed them "the Battling Bogarts." "The Bogart-Methot marriage was the sequel to the Civil War," said their friend Julius Epstein. A wag observed that there was madness in his Methot. During this time, Bogart bought a sailboat, which he named "Sluggy" after his hot-tempered wife. The studio system, then in its heyday, largely restricted actors to one studio, and Warner Bros. had no interest in making Bogart a star. Shooting on a new movie might begin days or only hours after shooting on the previous one was completed. Any actor who refused a role could be suspended without pay. Bogart didn't like the roles chosen for him, but he worked steadily: between 1936 and 1940, Bogart averaged a movie every two months. He thought that Warner Bros.' wardrobe department was cheap, and often wore his own suits in his movies. In High Sierra, Bogart used his own mutt to play his character's dog "Pard." The leading men ahead of Bogart at Warner Bros. included not just such classic stars as James Cagney and Edward G. Robinson, but also actors far less well-known today, such as Victor McLaglen, George Raft and Paul Muni. Most of the studio's better movie scripts went to these men, and Bogart had to take what was left. He made films like Racket Busters, San Quentin, and You Can't Get Away With Murder. The only substantial leading role he got during this period was in Samuel Goldwyn's Dead End (1937), but he played a variety of interesting supporting roles, such as Angels with Dirty Faces (1938) (in which he got shot by James Cagney). Bogart was gunned down on film repeatedly, by Cagney and Edward G. Robinson, among others; he rarely saw his own films and didn't attend the premieres. Bogart had been raised to believe that acting was beneath a gentleman. Acting in movies was even worse than on the stage, and playing depraved gunmen in "B" pictures for Warner Bros. was not something to be mentioned in polite company. In California in the 1930s, Bogart bought a 55-foot sailing yacht from Dick Powell. The sea was his sanctuary.[12] He was a serious sailor, respected by other sailors who had seen too many Hollywood actors and their boats. About 30 weekends a year, he went out on his boat. He once said: "An actor needs something to stabilize his personality, something to nail down what he really is, not what he is currently pretending to be." He had a lifelong disgust for the pretentious, fake or phony, as his son Stephen told Turner Classic Movies host Robert Osborne in 1999. Sensitive yet caustic, and disgusted by the inferior movies he was churning out, Bogart cultivated the persona of a soured idealist, a man exiled from better things in New York, living by his wits, drinking too much, cursed to live out his life among second-rate people and projects. When he thought an actor, director or a movie studio had done something shoddy, he spoke up about it and was willing to be quoted. The Hollywood press, unaccustomed to candor, was delighted. Bogart once said, "All over Hollywood, they are continually advising me 'Oh, you mustn't say that. That will get you in a lot of trouble' when I remark that some picture or writer or director or producer is no good. I don't get it. If he isn't any good, why can't you say so? If more people would mention it, pretty soon it might start having some effect." Only Bogart's fourth marriage, to Lauren Bacall ("Baby"), was a happy one. They met while filming To Have and Have Not. The director, Howard Hawks, once commented: "When two people are falling in love with each other, they're not tough to get along with, I can tell you that. Bogie was marvelous. I said, 'You've got to help,' and of course after a few days he really began to get interested in the girl. That made him help more." Hawks at some point began to disapprove of the pair. He fell for Bacall as well, and wanted her to feel the same way (although he was married). Out of jealousy, he said of Bacall: "She had to keep practicing for six to eight months to keep that low voice. Now, it's perfectly natural. And the funny thing is that Bogie fell in love with the character she played, so she had to keep playing it the rest of her life." They were married on May 21, 1945 in Lucas, Ohio, at Malabar Farm, the country home of Pulitzer Prize-winning author Louis Bromfield, who was a close friend of Bogart's. The wedding was held in the Big House. Bogart and Bacall's relationship is at the heart of the film noir masterpiece The Big Sleep. Chandler thoroughly admired Bogart's performance: "Bogart can be tough without a gun. Also, he has a sense of humor that contains that grating undertone of contempt." Bacall allowed Bogart lots of weekend time on his boat. She got seasick, and Bogart said, "The trouble with having dames on board is you can't pee over the side." Bogart would frequently sail to Catalina with friends or set some lobster traps. Bacall wrote of Bogart: "You had to stay awake married to him. Every time I thought I could relax and do everything I wanted, he'd buck. There was no way to predict his reactions, no matter how well I knew him." Bogart and Bacall moved into a $160,000 white brick mansion in Holmby Hills, an exclusive neighborhood between Beverly Hills and Bel-Air. Bogart and Bacall had two Jaguar cars, and three blooded Boxer dogs. Bogart said "We moved where all the creeps live." But he liked some of his neighbors, especially Judy Garland. On January 6, 1949, Lauren Bacall gave birth to a son, Stephen Humphrey Bogart, making Bogart a father at 49. He had had months to absorb the news and even had his own baby shower. (Frank Sinatra brought him baby rattles.) On August 23, 1952, they had their second child, Leslie Howard Bogart (a girl named after British actor Leslie Howard, who had been killed in World War II). By the mid-1950s, Bogart's health was failing. Once, after signing a long-term deal with Warner Bros., Bogart predicted with glee that his teeth and hair would fall out before the contract ended. That sent a fuming Jack Warner to his lawyers. Bogart, a heavy smoker and drinker, contracted cancer of the esophagus. He almost never spoke of it and refused to see a doctor until January of 1956, and by then removal of his esophagus, two lymph nodes and a rib was too little, too late. Katharine Hepburn and Spencer Tracy came to see him. Bogart was too weak to walk up and down stairs. He tried to joke about it: "Put me in the dumbwaiter and I'll ride down to the first floor in style." Hepburn has described the last time she and Spencer Tracy saw Bogart (the night before he died): "Spence patted him on the shoulder and said, 'Goodnight, Bogie.' Bogie turned his eyes to Spence very quietly and with a sweet smile covered Spence's hand with his own and said, 'Goodbye, Spence.' Spence's heart stood still. He understood." Bogart had just turned 57 and weighed only 80 pounds (36 kg) when he died on January 14, 1957 after falling into a coma. He died at 2:25 a.m. at his home at 232 Mapleton Drive in Holmby Hills, California, nearby Hollywood. His funeral was held at All Saints Episcopal Church with musical selections played from Bogart's favorite composers, Johann Sebastian Bach and Claude Debussy. Bacall had asked Spencer Tracy to give the eulogy but Tracy was too upset. John Huston gave the eulogy instead, and reminded the gathered mourners that while Bogart's life had ended far too soon, it had been a rich one. Huston said: "He is quite irreplaceable. There will never be another like him." Source: Wikipedia

Expand
Person Photo

Birth Name

Humphrey DeForest Bogart

Birth Place

New York City, New York, États-Unis

Birth Date

12/25/1899

Death Date

1/14/1957
Known For
Movie Poster

Casablanca

Rick Blaine

Movie Poster

The African Queen

Charlie Allnutt

Movie Poster

The Maltese Falcon

Samuel Spade

Movie Poster

Sabrina

Linus Larrabee

Movie Poster

The Treasure Of The Sierra Madre

Dobbs

Movie Poster

The Big Sleep

Philip Marlowe

Movie Poster

The Caine Mutiny

Lt. Cmdr. Philip Francis Queeg

Movie Poster

Key Largo

Frank McCloud

Movie Poster

To Have and Have Not

Harry 'Steve' Morgan

Movie Poster

Dark Passage

Vincent Parry

Starring In
Movie Poster

Call Me Kate

Self (archive footage) (uncredited)

Movie Poster

Marilyn - Made in Hollywod

Rick Blaine (archive footage)

Movie Poster

Sunset Over Mulholland Drive

Rick Blaine (archive footage) (uncredited)

Movie Poster

Die vielen Leben des Sammy Davis Jr.

Self (archive footage)

Movie Poster

Die Lügen der Sieger

Ed Hutcheson (archive footage) (uncredited)

Movie Poster

And the Oscar Goes To...

Himself (archive footage)

Movie Poster

Cameraman: The Life and Work of Jack Cardiff

Self (archive footage)

Movie Poster

Embracing Chaos: Making the African Queen

Self / Charlie Allnut (archive footage)

Movie Poster

Smash His Camera

Self (archive footage)

Movie Poster

1939: Hollywood's Greatest Year

(archive footage)

Movie Poster

Hollywood on the Tiber

Himself (archive footage)

Movie Poster

Public Enemies: The Golden Age of the Gangster Film

(archive footage)

Movie Poster

Call the Usual Suspects: The Craft of the Character Actor

Self (archive footage)

Movie Poster

Gangland: Bullets Over Hollywood

(archive footage)

Movie Poster

Behind the Tunes: Looney Tunes Go Hollywood

Fred C. Dobbs (archive footage) (uncredited)

Movie Poster

The Rat Pack

Himself (archive footage)

Movie Poster

Imaginary Witness: Hollywood and the Holocaust

(archive footage)

Movie Poster

A Love Story: The Story of 'To Have and Have Not'

Self (archive footage)

Movie Poster

Curtains for Roy Earle: The Story of 'High Sierra'

Self / Roy Earle (archive footage) (uncredited)

Movie Poster

Divided Highway: The Story of 'They Drive by Night'

Self / Paul Fabrini / George Hally (archive footage) (uncredited)

Movie Poster

Marilyn Monroe - The Final Days

Himself (archive footage)

Movie Poster

Oscarverleihung 1999

Rick Blaine (archive footage) (uncredited)

Movie Poster

Warner Bros. 75th Anniversary: No Guts, No Glory

(archive footage) (uncredited)

Movie Poster

Off the Menu - The Last Days of Chasen's

Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)

Movie Poster

Becoming Attractions: The Trailers of Humphrey Bogart

Self (archive footage)

Movie Poster

Holiday Greetings from 'The Ed Sullivan Show'

Self - Actor (archive footage)

Movie Poster

You Must Remember This: A Tribute to 'Casablanca'

Self (archive footage)

Movie Poster

Hollywood Out-Takes and rare Footage

Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)

Movie Poster

Dead Men Don't Wear Plaid

(in "The Big Sleep" / "In a Lonely Place" / "Dark Passage") (archive footage)

Movie Poster

Hollywood on Trial

Self (archive footage)

Movie Poster

First to Fight

Self - actor in clip from 'Casablanca' (archive footage) (uncredited)

Movie Poster

Inside Daisy Clover

Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)

Movie Poster

The Harder They Fall

Eddie Willis

Movie Poster

The Desperate Hours

Glenn Griffin

Movie Poster

We're No Angels

Joseph

Movie Poster

The Left Hand of God

James 'Jim' Carmody

Movie Poster

A Star is Born

Drunk in 'Peanut Vendor' Number (voice) (uncredited)

Movie Poster

Sabrina

Linus Larrabee

Movie Poster

The Caine Mutiny

Lt. Cmdr. Philip Francis Queeg

Movie Poster

The Love Lottery

Himself: Cameo Appearance (uncredited)

Movie Poster

The Barefoot Contessa

Harry Dawes

Movie Poster

Beat the Devil

Billy Dannreuther

Movie Poster

Battle Circus

Maj. Jed Webbe

Movie Poster

Road to Bali

Charlie Allnut (uncredited)

Movie Poster

Deadline U.S.A.

Ed Hutcheson

Movie Poster

The African Queen

Charlie Allnutt

Movie Poster

The Enforcer

Dist. Atty. Martin Ferguson

Movie Poster

Sirocco

Harry Smith

Movie Poster

In a Lonely Place

Dixon Steele

Movie Poster

Chain Lightning

Lt. Col. Matthew "Matt" Brennan

Movie Poster

Knock on any door

Andrew Morton

Movie Poster

Tokyo Joe

Joseph 'Joe' Barrett

Movie Poster

Key Largo

Frank McCloud

Movie Poster

The Treasure Of The Sierra Madre

Dobbs

Movie Poster

Dark Passage

Vincent Parry

Movie Poster

The Two Mrs. Carrolls

Geoffrey Carroll

Movie Poster

Dead Reckoning

Rip Murdock

Movie Poster

The Big Sleep

Philip Marlowe

Movie Poster

Never Say Goodbye

Phil's Bogart Impression (voice) (uncredited)

Movie Poster

Two Guys from Milwaukee

Humphrey Bogart (uncredited)

Movie Poster

Breakdowns of 1944

Self (uncredited)

Movie Poster

Conflict

Richard Mason

Movie Poster

Hollywood Victory Caravan

Humphrey Bogart

Movie Poster

To Have and Have Not

Harry 'Steve' Morgan

Movie Poster

Passage to Marseille

Jean Matrac

Movie Poster

Action in the North Atlantic

Lt. Joe Rossi

Movie Poster

Hollywood Canteen

Humphrey Bogart

Movie Poster

Sahara

Sgt. Joe Gunn

Movie Poster

Thank Your Lucky Stars

Himself

Movie Poster

Casablanca

Rick Blaine

Movie Poster

Across the Pacific

Rick Leland

Movie Poster

Breakdowns of 1942

Self (uncredited)

Movie Poster

In This Our Life

Extra at a Roadhouse Table (uncredited)

Movie Poster

The Big Shot

Joseph 'Duke' Berne

Movie Poster

All Through The Night

Gloves Donahue

Movie Poster

The Maltese Falcon

Samuel Spade

Movie Poster

The Wagons Roll at Night

Nick Coster

Movie Poster

High Sierra

Roy 'Mad Dog' Earle

Movie Poster

Breakdowns of 1941

Self (archive footage) (uncredited)

Movie Poster

Virginia City

John Murrell

Movie Poster

Brother Orchid

Jack Buck

Movie Poster

Breakdowns of 1939

(archive footage)

Movie Poster

They Drive by Night

Paul Fabrini

Movie Poster

The Roaring Twenties

George Hally

Movie Poster

Dark Victory

Michael O'Leary

Movie Poster

The Return of Doctor X

Marshall Quesne

Movie Poster

Barreras Invisibles

Chuck Martin

Movie Poster

The Oklahoma Kid

Whip McCord

Movie Poster

Angels With Dirty Faces

James Frazier

Movie Poster

The Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse

'Rocks' Valentine

Movie Poster

Crime School

Mark Braden

Movie Poster

Breakdowns of 1938

Turkey Morgan / Ed Hatch (Swing Your Lady / Kid Galahad outtakes) (uncredited)

Movie Poster

Swing Your Lady

Ed Hatch

Movie Poster

Swingtime in the Movies

Humphrey Bogart (uncredited)

Movie Poster

Kid Galahad

Turkey Morgan

Movie Poster

San Quentin

Joe 'Red' Kennedy

Movie Poster

Marked Woman

David Graham

Movie Poster

Black Legion

Frank Taylor

Movie Poster

Mr. Dodd geht nach Hollywood

Quintain

Movie Poster

Breakdowns of 1937

Self

Movie Poster

Dead End

'Baby Face' Martin

Movie Poster

Bullets or Ballots

Nick 'Bugs' Fenner

Movie Poster

The Petrified Forest

Duke Mantee

Movie Poster

Isle of Fury

Val Stevens

Movie Poster

Breakdowns of 1936

Self (archive footage)

Movie Poster

Call It Murder

Gar Boni

Movie Poster

Doctor Bull

Movie Poster

Big City Blues

Shep Adkins (uncredited)

Movie Poster

Love Affair

Jim Leonard

Movie Poster

Three on a Match

Harve

Movie Poster

The Bad Sister

Valentine Corliss

Movie Poster

Up The River

Steve Jordan

MobileIcon
app store google play