Jack Kirby

Biography

Jack Kirby (August 28, 1917 – February 6, 1994), born Jacob Kurtzberg, was an American comic book artist, writer and editor regarded by historians and fans as one of the major innovators and most influential creators in the comic book medium. Growing up poor in New York City, Kurtzberg entered the nascent comics industry in the 1930s. He drew various comics features under different pen names, including Jack Curtiss, ultimately settling on Jack Kirby. In 1940, he and writer-editor Joe Simon created the highly successful superhero character Captain America for Timely Comics, predecessor of Marvel Comics. During the 1940s, Kirby, generally teamed with Simon, created numerous characters for that company and for the company that would become DC Comics. After serving in World War II, Kirby returned to comics and worked in a variety of genres. He contributed to a number of publishers, including DC, Harvey Comics, Hillman Periodicals and Crestwood Publications, where he and Simon created the genre of romance comics. He and Simon also launched their own short-lived comic company, Mainline Publications. Kirby ultimately found himself at Timely's 1950s iteration, Atlas Comics, later to be known as Marvel Comics. There, in the 1960s, he and writer-editor Stan Lee co-created many of Marvel's major characters, including the Fantastic Four, the X-Men, and the Hulk. Despite the high sales and critical acclaim of the Lee-Kirby titles, however, Kirby felt treated unfairly, and left the company in 1970 for rival DC. There Kirby created his Fourth World saga, which spanned several comics titles. While these series proved commercially unsuccessful and were canceled, several of their characters and the Fourth World mythos have continued as a significant part of the DC Universe. Kirby returned to Marvel briefly in the mid-to-late 1970s, then ventured into television animation and independent comics. In his later years, Kirby, who has been called "the William Blake of comics", began receiving great recognition in the mainstream press for his career accomplishments, and in 1987, he, along with Carl Barks and Will Eisner, was one of the three inaugural inductees of the Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame. The Jack Kirby Awards and Jack Kirby Hall of Fame were named in his honor. Trivia He was a major artist in the comic book medium throughout his career, raising standards for illustration and created important and influential characters like Captain America, the Fantastic Four and many other characters for Marvel and DC comics amoung others. In honor of Jack Kirby, comic strip artist-writer Rick Veitch named his son Kirby. A dispute with Stan Lee forced Kirby to leave Marvel after over thirty years of writing and illustrating for them. Kirby then moved to Marvel's chief rival D.C. Comics, where he introduced his "Fourth World" series which included The New Gods, The Forever People, Mister Miracle as well as one of his greatest creations, the villain Darkseid. Although Kirby's direct involvement with his creations proved shortlived, he was later involved in action figure designs for these characters in the Super Powers toy line by the Kenner Toy Company in the 1980s. As DC Comics was proud to point out, this led to Kirby finally getting direct royalties for his comic book characters for the first time in his career. While at D.C., Kirby also created the characters OMAC (One Man Army Corps) and Kamandi, the last boy on Earth. Had a major lawsuit with Marvel Comics to get back his original artwork (which consisted of well over 9000 pages over his ten year tenure). They however were only going to give him 88 pages as they said that's all that were left, even though hundreds were sold at conventions every year. The lawsuit ended in a stalemate. The character "Dan Turpin" in "Superman" (1996) (aka Superman: The Animated Series (1996)) was based on Jack Kirby. Kirby is remembered fondly as not only a prolific artist, but a very considerate man at work. For instance, when he came to DC Comics after his most famous work at Marvel Comics in 1970, he insisted on taking over the minor title, "Superman's Pal, Jimmy Olsen," because it had no assigned talent at the time so he could work on it without causing anyone to lose his job. Kirby created production art for the "Argo" film project ruse that was part of the successful CIA-Canadian operation that managed to extract six Americans out of revolutionary Iran in 1980. The relationship between The Thing and Mr Fantastic was modelled on his own with Stan Lee. His creations have included Captain America, Thor, Fantastic Four, The Incredible Hulk, Thor, Black Panther, Silver Surfer, Doctor Doom and the X-Men. He based the character of Ben Grimm (Aka, The Thing in Fantastic Four) on himself. Filmography as Writer: 2015 The Avengers 2 (comic book) (announced) 2015 The Fantastic Four (characters) (announced) ???? Nick Fury (character) (announced) 2015 Ant-Man (comic book) (pre-production) 2014 Captain America: The Winter Soldier (comic book) (pre-production) 2013 S.H.I.E.L.D. (TV movie) (comic book) (pre-production) 2013 Thor: The Dark World (comic book) (filming) 2013 Iron Man 3 (comic book) (filming) 2012 The Avengers (character "Captain America" / comic book) 2008-2012 Iron Man: Armored Adventures (TV series - 5 episodes (characters)) 2011 Captain America: The First Avenger (comic books) 2011 Thor: Tales of Asgard (video) (characters) 2010-2011 Smallville (TV series - 9 episodes (characters created by: Fourth World)) 2011 Thor (comic book) 2011 Marvel vs. Capcom 3: Fate of Two Worlds (Video Game) (characters) 2010 Iron Man (TV series - 8 episodes (characters)) 2010 Superman/Batman: Apocalypse (video) (characters Darkseid & The New Gods) 2010 Iron Man 2 (Marvel comic book) 2010 Iron Man: Extremis (TV series) – Episode #1.1 (2010) (character: Iron Man - uncredited) 2010 Planet Hulk (video) (creator: The Incredible Hulk) 2008 The Incredible Hulk (Video Game) (characters) 2008 Iron Man (Video Game) (characters) 2008 Iron Man (characters) 2007 4: Rise of the Silver Surfer (characters) 2006 Ultimate Avengers II (video) (comic book & characters) 2005 Fantastic Four (Marvel comic book) 2004 The Punisher (Video Game) (characters) 2003 Hulk (Marvel comic book character) 2000 X-Men: Evolution (TV series) 1997-2000 Superman (TV series) – Legacy: Part II (2000) (creator: Darkseid) – Legacy: Part I (2000) (creator: Darkseid) – Apokolips... Now!: Part II (1998) (creator: Darkseid and the New Gods) – Apokolips... Now!: Part I (1998) (creator: Darkseid and the New Gods) – Father's Day (1997) (creator: Darkseid and the New Gods) 1999 Avengers (TV series) – Kang (1999) (comic book & characters - uncredited / creator - uncredited) 1998 Silver Surfer (TV series) – Return to Zenn-La (1998) (creator) – Learning Curve: Part 1 (1998) (creator) 1996 The Incredible Hulk (TV series) 1995 X-Men 2: Clone Wars (Video Game) (characters) 1994 Fantastic Four (TV series) 1994 The Fantastic Four (comic book - uncredited) 1993 X-Men (Video Game) (comic book characters) 1993 The Punisher (Video Game) (characters) 1992 X-Men (TV series) 1991 Captain America and the Avengers (Video Game) (comic book & characters) 1990 Captain America (characters) 1989 Pryde of the X-Men (TV short) (characters - uncredited) 1982 Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends (TV series) – The Origin of Iceman (1982) (creator) 1982 The Incredible Hulk (TV series) 1979 Captain America II: Death Too Soon (TV movie) (characters - uncredited) 1979 Fred and Barney Meet the Thing (TV series) 1979 Captain America (TV movie) (characters - uncredited) 1978 The Fantastic Four (TV series) 1973 3 dev adam (character: Captain America - uncredited) 1967-1970 Spider-Man (TV series - 52 episodes (characters)) 1967-1968 Fantastic 4 (TV series - 5 episodes (comic)) 1968 Binbasi Tayfun (comic strip Captain America) 1966 Iron Man (TV series) 1966 Hulk (TV series) 1966 Captain America (TV series) 1966 Mighty Thor (TV series) – Trapped by Loki (1966) (comic book & characters - uncredited) 1966 The Marvel Super Heroes (TV series) (comic book & characters - uncredited) 1944 Captain America (character - uncredited) Animation Department: 1983-1985 Mister T (TV series) (character designer - 30 episodes) 1981 Space Stars (TV series) (character designer - 1981) 1981 Goldie Gold and Action Jack (TV series) (character designer - 13 episodes) 1980-1981 Thundarr the Barbarian (TV series) (character designer - 21 episodes) 1979 The New Shmoo (TV series) (character designer - 1979) 1979 The World's Greatest SuperFriends (TV series) (character designer - 8 episodes) 1936 A Clean Shaven Man (short) (assistant animator - uncredited) Art Department: 2010 Secret Origin: The Story of DC Comics (video documentary) (art contributor) 2002 De Superman à Spider-Man: L'aventure des super-héros (video documentary) (art work) 1978 The Fantastic Four (TV series) (storyboard artist - 13 episodes) 1966 The Marvel Super Heroes (TV series) (original artwork - 1966) Miscellaneous Crew: 2012 Ultimate Spider-Man (TV series) – Field Trip (2012) (creator: Captain America) – Doomed (2012) (creator: Captain America) – Great Responsibility (2012) (creator: Captain America) 1986 Lazer Tag Academy (TV series) (creative consultant) 1986 Rambo (TV series) (creative consultant) 1986 Centurions (TV series) (creative consultant - 65 episodes) 1986 Chuck Norris: Karate Kommandos (TV series) – Deadly Dolphin (1986) (creative consultant) – Island of the Walking Dead (1986) (creative consultant) – Menace from Space (1986) (creative consultant) – Target: Chuck Norris (1986) (creative consultant) – Terror Train (1986) (creative consultant) 1967 Fantastic 4 (TV series) – Galactus (1967) (based on an idea by)

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Person Photo

Birth Name

Jacob Kurtzberg

Birth Place

Lower East Side, Manhattan, New York City, New York, USA

Birth Date

8/28/1917

Death Date

2/6/1994
Known For
Movie Poster

Dark Suns

Superman

Movie Poster

Comic Book Confidential

Himself

Movie Poster

De Superman à Spider-Man : L'aventure des super héros

Himself (archive footage)

Starring In
Movie Poster

Dark Suns

Superman

Movie Poster

De Superman à Spider-Man : L'aventure des super héros

Himself (archive footage)

Movie Poster

Comic Book Confidential

Himself

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