Edgar Rice Burroughs


Edgar Rice Burroughs (September 1, 1875 – March 19, 1950) was an American author, best known for his creation of the jungle hero Tarzan and the heroic Mars adventurer John Carter, although he produced works in many genres. In the 2012 Disney film John Carter, Daryl Sabara portrays Burroughs as a young man. In the film (as in the book) Edgar is the nephew of John Carter who after passing left him his belongings including a journal with his adventures on Mars. Biography Burroughs was born on September 1, 1875, in Chicago, Illinois (he later lived for many years in the suburb of Oak Park), the fourth son of businessman and Civil War veteran Major George Tyler Burroughs (1833–1913) and his wife Mary Evaline (Zieger) Burroughs (1840–1920). His middle name is from his paternal grandmother, Mary Rice Burroughs (1802-ca. 1870). Burroughs was educated at a number of local schools, and during the Chicago influenza epidemic in 1891, he spent a half year at his brother's ranch on the Raft River in Idaho. He then attended the Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, and then the Michigan Military Academy. Graduating in 1895, and failing the entrance exam for the United States Military Academy (West Point), he ended up as an enlisted soldier with the 7th U.S. Cavalry in Fort Grant, Arizona Territory. After being diagnosed with a heart problem and thus found ineligible to serve, he was discharged in 1897. Aiming his work at these pulp fiction magazines, Burroughs had his first story, "Under the Moons of Mars", serialized in All-Story Magazine in 1912. Burroughs soon took up writing full-time and by the time the run of Under the Moons of Mars had finished he had completed two novels, including Tarzan of the Apes, which was published from October 1912 and went on to become one of his most successful series. In 1913, Burroughs and Emma had their third and last child, John Coleman Burroughs (1913–1979). Burroughs also wrote popular science fiction and fantasy stories involving Earthly adventurers transported to various planets (notably Barsoom, Burroughs' fictional name for Mars, and Amtor, his fictional name for Venus), lost islands, and into the interior of the hollow earth in his Pellucidar stories, as well as westerns and historical romances. Along with All-Story, many of his stories were published in The Argosy. Tarzan was a cultural sensation when introduced. Burroughs was determined to capitalize on Tarzan's popularity in every way possible. He planned to exploit Tarzan through several different media including a syndicated Tarzan comic strip, movies and merchandise. Experts in the field advised against this course of action, stating that the different media would just end up competing against each other. Burroughs went ahead, however, and proved the experts wrong—the public wanted Tarzan in whatever fashion he was offered. Tarzan remains one of the most successful fictional characters to this day and is a cultural icon. In either 1915 or 1919, Burroughs purchased a large ranch north of Los Angeles, California, which he named "Tarzana." The citizens of the community that sprang up around the ranch voted to adopt that name when their community, Tarzana, California was formed in 1927. Also the unincorporated community of Tarzan, Texas, was formally named in 1927 when the US Postal Service accepted the name, reputedly coming from the popularity of the first (silent) Tarzan of the Apes film, starring Elmo Lincoln, and an early "Tarzan" comic strip. In 1923 Burroughs set up his own company, Edgar Rice Burroughs, Inc., and began printing his own books through the 1930s. Burroughs divorced Emma in 1934 and married the former actress Florence Gilbert Dearholt in 1935, the former wife of his friend, Ashton Dearholt, and Burroughs adopted the Dearholts' two children. This couple divorced in 1942. At the time of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Burroughs was a resident of Hawaii and, despite being in his late sixties, he applied for permission to become a war correspondent. This permission was granted, and so he became one of the oldest war correspondents for the U.S. during World War II. After the war ended, Burroughs moved back to Encino, California, where, after many health problems, he died of a heart attack on March 19, 1950, having written almost seventy novels. See also : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edgar_Rice_Burroughs,_Inc. http://www.erbzine.com/mag0/0052.html (How I Wrote the Tarzan Books) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarzan_Alive Selected bibliography Tarzan series: Tarzan of the Apes (1912) The Return of Tarzan (1913) The Beasts of Tarzan (1914) The Son of Tarzan (1914) Tarzan and the Jewels of Opar (1916) Jungle Tales of Tarzan (1916, 1917) Tarzan the Untamed (1919, 1921) Tarzan the Terrible (1921) Tarzan and the Golden Lion (1922, 1923) Tarzan and the Ant Men (1924) Tarzan, Lord of the Jungle (1927, 1928) Tarzan and the Lost Empire (1928) Tarzan at the Earth's Core (1929) Tarzan the Invincible (1930–1931.) Tarzan Triumphant (1931) Tarzan and the City of Gold (1932) Tarzan and the Lion Man (1933, 1934) Tarzan and the Leopard Men (1935) Tarzan's Quest (1935, 1936) Tarzan the Magnificent (1936, 1937) Tarzan and the Forbidden City (1938) Tarzan and the Foreign Legion (1947) Tarzan and the Tarzan Twins (1963, for younger readers) Tarzan and the Madman (1964) Tarzan and the Castaways (1965) Tarzan: the Lost Adventure (with Joe R. Lansdale) (1995) Barsoom series: A Princess of Mars (1912) The Gods of Mars (1914) The Warlord of Mars (1918) Thuvia, Maid of Mars (1920) The Chessmen of Mars (1922) The Master Mind of Mars (1928) A Fighting Man of Mars (1931) Swords of Mars (1936) Synthetic Men of Mars (1940) Llana of Gathol (1948) John Carter of Mars (1964) "John Carter and the Giant of Mars" (1940) Actually written by Burroughs's son, John Coleman Burroughs. "Skeleton Men of Jupiter" (1942) Pellucidar series: At the Earth's Core (1914) Pellucidar (1923) Tanar of Pellucidar (1928) Tarzan at the Earth's Core (1929) Back to the Stone Age (1937) Land of Terror (1944) Savage Pellucidar (1963) Venus series: Pirates of Venus (1934) Lost on Venus (1935) Carson of Venus (1939) Escape on Venus (1946) The Wizard of Venus (1970) Caspak series: The Land That Time Forgot (1918) The People That Time Forgot (1918) Out of Time’s Abyss (1918) Other science fiction: Beyond the Farthest Star (1941) The Lost Continent (1916) (aka Beyond Thirty) The Monster Men (1929) The Resurrection of Jimber-Jaw (1937) Jungle adventure novels: The Man-Eater (1915) The Cave Girl (1925) The Eternal Lover (1925) (aka The Eternal Savage) Jungle Girl (1932) (aka Land of the Hidden Men) The Lad and the Lion (1938) Western novels: Apache Devil (1933) The Bandit of Hell's Bend (1926) The Deputy Sheriff of Comanche County (1940) The War Chief (1927) Historical novels: I am a Barbarian (1967) The Outlaw of Torn (1927) Other works: The Efficiency Expert (1921) Forgotten Tales of Love and Murder (2001) The Girl from Farris's (1916) The Girl from Hollywood (1923) The Mad King (1926) Marcia of the Doorstep (1924) Minidoka: 937th Earl of One Mile Series M (1998) Pirate Blood (1970) The Rider (1937) You Lucky Girl! (1927)

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Edgar Rice Burroughs

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Chicago, Illinois, États-Unis

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