Gregory Peck

Biography

Eldred Gregory Peck was born in La Jolla, California, to Bernice Mary (Ayres) and Gregory Pearl Peck, a chemist and druggist in San Diego. He had Irish (from his paternal grandmother), English, and some German, ancestry. His parents divorced when he was five years old. An only child, he was sent to live with his grandmother. He never felt he had a stable childhood. His fondest memories are of his grandmother taking him to the movies every week and of his dog, which followed him everywhere. He studied pre-med at UC-Berkeley and, while there, got bitten by the acting bug and decided to change the focus of his studies. He enrolled in the Neighborhood Playhouse in New York and debuted on Broadway after graduation. His debut was in Emlyn Williams' play "The Morning Star" (1942). By 1943 he was in Hollywood, where he debuted in the RKO film Days of Glory (1944). Stardom came with his next film, The Keys of the Kingdom (1944), for which he was nominated for an Academy Award. Peck's screen presence displayed the qualities for which he became well known. He was tall, rugged and heroic, with a basic decency that transcended his roles. He appeared in Alfred Hitchcock's Spellbound (1945) as an amnesia victim accused of murder. In The Yearling (1946), he was again nominated for an Academy Award and won the Golden Globe. He was especially effective in westerns and appeared in such varied fare as David O. Selznick's critically blasted Duel in the Sun (1946), the somewhat better received Yellow Sky (1948) and the acclaimed The Gunfighter (1950). He was nominated again for the Academy Award for his roles in Gentleman's Agreement (1947), which dealt with anti-Semitism, and Twelve O'Clock High (1949), a story of high-level stress in an Air Force bomber unit in World War II. With a string of hits to his credit, Peck made the decision to only work in films that interested him. He continued to appear as the heroic, larger-than-life figures in such films as Captain Horatio Hornblower R.N. (1951) and Moby Dick (1956). He worked with Audrey Hepburn in her debut film, Roman Holiday (1953). Peck finally won the Oscar, after four nominations, for his performance as lawyer Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird (1962). In the early 1960s he appeared in two darker films than he usually made, Cape Fear (1962) and Captain Newman, M.D. (1963), which dealt with the way people live. He also gave a powerful performance as Capt. Keith Mallory in The Guns of Navarone (1961), one of the biggest box-office hits of that year. In the early 1970s he produced two films, The Trial of the Catonsville Nine (1972) and The Dove (1974), when his film career stalled. He made a comeback playing, somewhat woodenly, Robert Thorn in the horror film The Omen (1976). After that, he returned to the bigger-than-life roles he was best known for, such as MacArthur (1977) and the monstrous Nazi Dr. Josef Mengele in the huge hit The Boys from Brazil (1978). In the 1980s he moved into television with the mini-series The Blue and the Gray (1982) and The Scarlet and the Black (1983). In 1991 he appeared in the remake of his 1962 film, playing a different part, in Martin Scorsese's Cape Fear (1991). He was also cast as the progressive-thinking owner of a wire and cable business in Other People's Money (1991). In 1967 Peck received the Academy's Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award. He was also been awarded the US Presidential Medal of Freedom. Always politically progressive, Peck was active in such causes as anti-war protests, workers' rights and civil rights. He died in June 2003, aged 87.

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Birth Name

Eldred Gregory Peck

Birth Place

La Jolla, California, Estados Unidos

Birth Date

4/5/1916

Death Date

6/12/2003
Known For
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To Kill a Mockingbird

Atticus Finch

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Roman Holiday

Joe Bradley

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The Guns of Navarone

Capt. Keith Mallory

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The Boys from Brazil

Dr. Josef Mengele

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The Big Country

James McKay

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Spellbound

John Ballantine aka Dr. Anthony Edwardes

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The Paradine Case

Anthony Keane

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Twelve O'Clock High

Gen. Frank Savage

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Moby Dick

Captain Ahab

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The Snows of Kilimanjaro

Harry Street

Starring In
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This Is Joan Collins

Self (archive footage)

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My Name Is Alfred Hitchcock

Self (archive footage)

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Charlton Heston: Von Moses zum Waffennarr

Self (archive footage)

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The Fabulous Allan Carr

Self (archive footage)

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Audrey Hepburn, Königin der Eleganz

Self (archive footage)

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And the Oscar Goes To...

Himself (archive footage)

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Final Cut: Ladies and Gentlemen

(archive footage)

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Imaginary Witness: Hollywood and the Holocaust

(archive footage)

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Edith Head: The Paramount Years

(archive footage)

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American Prophet: The Story of Joseph Smith

Narrator

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A Personal Journey With Martin Scorsese Through American Movies

Himself

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Theremin - An Electronic Odyssey

Actor in 'Spellbound' Clip (archive footage) (uncredited)

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Cape Fear 1991

Lee Heller

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Other People's Money

Andrew Jorgenson

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The Will Rogers Follies

Florenz Ziegfeld (voice)

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Anthony Quinn: An Original

Himself (archive footage)

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Sammy Davis, Jr. 60th Anniversary Celebration

Himself

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Old Gringo

Ambrose Bierce

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Amazing Grace and Chuck

President

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Terror in the Aisles

Robert Thorn (in 'The Omen') (archive footage) (uncredited)

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The Scarlet and the Black

Monsignor Hugh O'Flaherty

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The Scarlet and the Black

Monsignor Hugh O'Flaherty

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The Sea Wolves

Col. Lewis Pugh

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The Boys from Brazil

Dr. Josef Mengele

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MacArthur

Gen. Douglas MacArthur

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The Omen

Robert Thorn

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Hustle

Captain Ahab (archive footage) (uncredited)

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Billy Two Hats

Arch Deans

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Shoot out

Clay Lomax

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I Walk the Line

Sheriff Tawes

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Marooned

Charles Keith

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The Chairman

John Hathaway

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Mackenna's Gold

Sheriff Mackenna

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Portrait eines Produzenten - David O. Selznick in Hollywood

Himself (uncredited)

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The Stalking Moon

Sam Varner

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Pähkähullu Suomi

Himself (archive footage)

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Arabesque

Prof. David Pollock

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Mirage

David

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The Love Goddesses

Himself (archive footage)

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Behold a Pale Horse

Manuel Artiguez

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Captain Newman, M.D.

Capt. Josiah J. Newman, MD

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To Kill a Mockingbird

Atticus Finch

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How the West Was Won

Cleve Van Valen

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Cape Fear (1962)

Sam Bowden

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The Guns of Navarone

Capt. Keith Mallory

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On the Beach

Cmdr. Dwight Lionel Towers

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Beloved Infidel

F. Scott Fitzgerald

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Pork Chop Hill

Lt. Joe Clemons

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The Big Country

James McKay

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The Bravados

Jim Douglass

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Designing Woman

Mike Hagen

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Moby Dick

Captain Ahab

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The man in the Gray Flannel Suit

Tom Rath

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The Purple Plain

Squadron Leader Bill Forrester

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Night People

Col. Steve Van Dyke

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The Million Pound Note

Henry Adams

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Roman Holiday

Joe Bradley

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The Snows of Kilimanjaro

Harry Street

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The World in his Arms

Capt. Jonathan Clark

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David and Bathsheba

King David

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Only the Valiant

Capt. Richard Lance

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Captain Horatio Hornblower R.N.

Capt. Horatio Hornblower R.N

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The Gunfighter

Jimmy Ringo

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Twelve O'Clock High

Gen. Frank Savage

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The Great Sinner

Fedja

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Yellow Sky

James 'Stretch' Dawson

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The Paradine Case

Anthony Keane

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Gentleman's Agreement

Philip Schuyler Green

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Pasión en la selva

Robert Wilson

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The Yearling

Penny Baxter

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Duel in the Sun

Lewton 'Lewt' McCanles

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Spellbound

John Ballantine aka Dr. Anthony Edwardes

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The Valley of Decision

Paul Scott

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The Keys of the Kingdom

Father Francis Chisholm

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Days of Glory

Vladimir

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